Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a phytocannabinoid most commonly found in high concentrations within certain strains of hemp. CBD is one of at least 113 cannabinoids discovered in the cannabis plant and has beneficial effects without intoxication.
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The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system located inside the human body. It is composed of endocannabinoids (cannabinoids produced by the body) and the receptors that they bind to, the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and the cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2).
This system has been shown to play a role in the regulation of several physiological and cognitive processes in the body.
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Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds that are most commonly found in the cannabis plant.
Cannabinoids are produced endogenously by the human endocannabinoid system and they have also been found in other botanical sources, including hops and certain varieties of Echinacea. At least 113 cannabinoids have been isolated from cannabis with two of the most notable ones being cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Because of the wide range of uses for CBD, appropriate serving sizes can vary widely. Your ideal serving size will depend on your body weight, metabolism, individual body chemistry, and other metabolic factors.
For these reasons, we cannot make specific recommendations regarding serving sizes. We recommend starting with a small amount of CBD and gradually increasing the dose until the desired effects have been achieved.
CBD is found in the hemp plant as Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA), which is a very closely related analog of CBD.
In order to transform CBDA into CBD, a given plant or extract must undergo a process known as decarboxylation. Sometimes, this process is referred to as “activation” because it produces a more biologically active version of the CBD molecule.
Decarboxylation is defined as the removal of a carboxyl group from a given molecule. In the case of CBD, decarboxylation is achieved by heating the material to approximately 110 °C (230 °F). This facilitates the removal of the carboxyl group from the CBDA molecule, leaving CBD as the end product.